Understanding that doubling is adding a number to itself - create a line of objects, such as coins or crayons, and then doubling it by adding a second line below before writing the number sentence e.g. 2 + 2 = 4, 3 + 3 = 6.
Solving multiplication problems using objects - asking questions such as "If I have one pair of socks, how many socks are there? What about three pairs of socks?". Ask your child to work out how many would be in 8 pairs of socks, or 8 towers of 2 coins, to become used to counting in 2s. Counting in 1s to check is fine.
Solving multiplication problems using a physical number line - after creating a number line 0-10 using pieces of paper, ask your child to solve "3 jumps of 2" etc (reminding them that when we count in 2s we have to go over the neighbouring number). Make the connection between the landed on number and the answer to the question.
Use the worksheet below to solve multiplication problems.
Orally discuss the reasoning problems below, before writing down the answers.