We teach children to read using synthetic phonics through the 'Letters and Sounds' scheme of work. We use a rich variety of resources to support this including letters and sounds, phonics play and songbirds reading scheme. Phonics are the sounds that letters make and learning them helps children to decode words and begin to read and write. ‘Letters and Sounds’, like all phonic schemes, is organised in phases that build the complexity of the phoneme (smallest unit of sound) and graphemes (the letters used to write the sounds) taught. We organise our children in the Early Years, Year 1 and 2 within the classes and in Key Stage 2 (Years 3-6) across year groups as a catch up.